​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Wildlife Specialties Inc.

Raccoon Biology


Habitat: Raccoons are prevalent throughout all of Iowa both rural and urban. Denning in hollow trees, brush and junk piles, abandoned animal burrows and both unoccupied and occupied buildings.


Reproduction: The raccoon breeding time takes place mainly in February. Both females and males can start breeding at 1 year of age. Younger males however rarely do so because of competition from older more dominate males. Gestation is typically 63 days with young being born in late April or May. Females have one litter a year with 3 to 5 young per litter. The young are weaned at 8 to 10 weeks old and may stay with the mother until the following breeding season.


Habits: Raccoons are normally nocturnal, but occasionally can be seen out during the day. They are true omnivores (eating both meat and plant matters). They use their hands while looking for food to investigate or feel to determine if it’s good to eat. They will also use their hands to grab and open items. With their strong physical nature and ability to use their hands make them excellent climbers. Raccoons are frequent to water and are good swimmers. Raccoons do not hibernate but feed heavily in the fall to put on extra fat for the winter. They will den up during extreme cold fronts and storms, coming back out when weather clears.